The abuse of amphetamine type psychomotor stimulants remains a critical legal and public health problem in the US. In California, 27% of substance abuse treatment admissions are for amphetamines; high treatment-admission rates for amphetamines are also reported for other Western States such as Idaho (25%), Nevada (25%), Arizona (18%), Oregon (16%) and Washington (14%). Additional data show that 36% of the people arrested in San Diego CA, and 23% of men arrested in Portland OR, had methamphetamine in their system upon arrest. A 2009 study by the RAND Corporation estimated the total US costs for methamphetamine at $ 23.4 billion.
Researchers from The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have found that physical exercise may be a useful technique to reduce methamphetamine use. Drs. Shawn M. Aarde and Michael A. Taffe used a preclinical model in which male rats are trained to press a lever to obtain intravenous infusions of methamphetamine. Prior work had shown that an extended interval (6 weeks) of voluntary activity on a running wheel could reduce cocaine self-administration in laboratory rats. The investigators now report that running wheel access in only the 22 hours prior to the test session is sufficient to significantly reduce the amount of methamphetamine self-administered. Thus, this study shows that it may not require 6 weeks of chronic activity to produce a beneficial effect on drug use.
The finding has important implications for using exercise as an adjunct to human drug cessation therapy because an extended interval of continual physical activity may not be required; effects may be seen immediately. An additional study presented by the team shows that rats’ self-administration of the drug known as “Ecstasy” or “Molly” (±3,4-methylenedioxymethampetamine, MDMA) is also decreased in animals who have access to a wheel in their home cages.
Dr. Taffe presented the findings during the Experimental Biology 2014 meeting on Sunday, April 27, 2014.
The study was funded by the U.S. Public Health Service.
The above story is based on materials provided by Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.
Original story here.
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I’ve tried the aaaaaaa part and it sounded like a dying chicken
How do you whistle tone?
Anyoanyonencan learn how to sing well, if they have good voice period
When you said hmmmmm you sound like a cow hahaah sry I had to :D
3:43 so you have to sound like Pee-wee Herman?
um…sweetheart i wasnt asking you anything
hey can you please give me strenghtening exercises that will significantly
improve my pitch and tone? Or any secret that will. Im a teen who really
wants to be a singer but has no “natural talent” please help. i couldnt
order your CD set because i do not have a credit card. Please share it all
with me online. My email is firstname.lastname@example.org. Hope to talk soon x
i still confused. singing muz use both head and chest voice or depends on
the range? ( like sometimes use head den sometimes mix sometimes chest ) ??
need ur help badly :p
just my course. 🙂
@TheVodkaHaze Honestly, if you do your vocal warm ups and then move on to
these exercises you can begin to see improvements in about a week. It may
be harder for you to see but anybody who sings will be able to tell a more
rich tone and pretty soon maybe a few weeks you should be able to see a
drastic improvement in your tone, your breathing, and you won’t have as
much vocal fatigue because you’ll be strengthening your vocal muscles. 🙂
Don’t forget to subscribe to our channel too!
damn, i though the video on the website would teach me techniques and daily
routines to do BUT NO i need to pay, you should have told it at the
begining of the video, i wasted so much time sparkling my eyes on the video
untill i figured out i need to pay for the lessons and the tips
I think he want some
does this work for a rapping voice to?
that actually did help! even though my cat was giving me a look like WTF
are you doing..
Voice box?I thought it was vocal cords
How long do I have to exercise every day?