New research indicates that adults born very premature are more likely to be socially withdrawn and display signs of autism.
The study was led by Professor Dieter Wolke at the department of psychology and Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick.
The results showed that the adults born very preterm scored highly for displaying a socially withdrawn personality, indicated by autistic features, neuroticism, introversion and decreased risk taking.
Prof. Wolke said: “Personality characteristics are very important because they help people to develop into adult roles and form and maintain social relationships. Very premature and very low birth weight adults who have a socially withdrawn personality might experience difficulty dealing with social relationships with their peers, friends and partners.”
The research Personality of adults who were born very preterm has been published in the Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal Edition published by BMJ.
The study was conducted in southern Bavaria, Germany. The study had followed children from birth into adulthood when 200 adults born between 1985-86 either very premature (before 32 weeks) or with very low birth weight (less than 1.5kgs) and a similar number of term born adults provided information about personality features.
Their results were not sex-specific, related to income or education, and were compared to a control group of adults who were born healthy in the same obstetric wards. The findings indicate that being born with a very low birth weight or very pre-term carries a greater risk of developing a withdrawn personality as an adult.
This study differs from previous ones which are contradictory; some reported higher introversion or higher neuroticism while others found increased levels of conscientiousness and agreeableness.
In the paper Prof. Wolke attributes brain development related to premature birth for very pre-term or very low birth weight adults scoring higher for a socially withdrawn personality. Previous studies have linked poor peer relations and social-emotional problems in childhood with regional disruptions in the white matter, in the right orbital frontal cortex which is a region involved in social regulations and social cognition.
Early stresses experienced in the womb and having over-protective parents are also thought to be a possible factor in effecting a withdrawn personality.
Prof. Wolke said: “Defining a general personality profile is important because this higher order personality factor may help to partly explain the social difficulties these individuals experience in adult roles, such as in peer and partner relationships and career.
“Previous studies have found they are more likely to be bullied at school and less likely to progress to university or attain well paid employment. They are also less likely to form social contacts, to maintain romantic relationships and to have children.
“If identified early parents could be provided with techniques to foster their child’s social skills to help compensate for socially withdrawn personality characteristics.”
… Continue reading here.
Diet And Weight Loss News — Sciencedaily
— Courtesy “Science News Daily” (ScienceNewsDaily.com)
ZoN Pink Balance Ball
Use the Zon Bright Pink Balance Ball to add variety to daily workouts while toning and strengthening core muscles. When training on a round surface, you not only train the primary muscle groups, but also the smaller stabilizing muscles as well. Anti-burst, non-slip material lets you concentrate on your workout The exercise ball should be large enough so that when you sit on it, your knees bend at a 90-degree angle ZoN Bright Pink products include free downloadable content including the breast health fitness video, 101 breast cancer facts, self-exam guide, and 'The Little Bright Book' by Bright Pink Includes: One (1) inflatable fitness ball and a hand pump for fast, easy inflation Brand: ZoN Model: ZP/BALL Materials: Vinyl Color: Pink Size options: 65 cm or 55 cm Weight: 1 pound
List Price: 37.03
Danskin Now Women’s Plus-Size Mesh Running Shorts
The Danskin Now Women’s Plus-Size Mesh Running Shorts are functional and comfortable. Thanks to the mesh detail these shorts have plenty of breathability to help you stay dry and odor free during your work out sessions. Pick your favorite color today and enjoy!
Sold by Wal-Mart.com USA, LLC
Yoga: The Alternate Routeto A Stress-free Street
If you are searching for a proven means to attain a healthy body in a healthy mind, then this time-tested system is for you. It is intensively researched and molded into a combined system by the Indian gurus down the ages. Be it spiritual, mental or physical, this technique can be practiced by anybody at […]
The Renowned Conditioning Styles Of The The Latest Mari Winsor’s Pilates Method Workout
With Mari Winsor’s Pilates Method becoming 1 of the greatest maturing types of exercise methods it has picked up oodles of attention on television, Radio and even from movie stars like Daisy Fuentes. In view of the fact that Mari Winsor’s Pilates Method was initiated by Joseph Pilates, a German National, there have been a […]
A Trainer’s Must-have Equipment List
Whether you’re a newly certified trainer or a seasoned trainer who is considering going solo, you’ll need a few pieces of fitness equipment to get started on your training journey. Although there are hundreds of body-weight exercises you can do with your clients, you’ll want some tools to keep them excited and challenged. You can […]
Three Basic Factors To Sexy Abs!
<img style="float:right;margin:5px 0px 5px 10px;" alt="English: Pulldown exercise, which strengthens the arms and back FranÃ§ais : Formation de rÃ©sistance par un vieillard, Hollywood Ð ÑÑÑÐºÐ¸Ð¹: ÐÐ½ÐµÐ²Ð¼Ð°ÑÐ¸ÑÐµÑÐºÐ¸ ÑÐµÐ³ÑÐ»Ð¸ÑÑÐµÐ¼Ð°Ñ ÑÑÐ³Ð° Ð½Ð° ÑÑÐµÐ½Ð°Ð¶ÑÑÐµ Ð´Ð»Ñ Ð¿Ð¾Ð¶Ð¸Ð»ÑÑ , ÐÐ¾Ð»Ð»Ð¸Ð²ÑÐ´" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/dc/UPSTREAM_FITNESS-7.jpg/350px-UPSTREAM_FITNESS-7.jpg”> There are three basic factors that will help you lose your belly: strength training (which increases resting metabolic rate), cardiovascular exercise (which […]