Smoking may dull obese women’s ability to taste fat, sugar

Cigarette smoking among obese women appears to interfere with their ability to taste fats and sweets, a new study shows. Despite craving high-fat, sugary foods, these women were less likely than others to perceive these tastes, which may drive them to consume more calories.

M. Yanina Pepino, PhD, assistant professor of medicine at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, and Julie Mennella, PhD, a biopsychologist at the Monell Center in Philadelphia, where the research was conducted, studied four groups of women ages 21 to 41: obese smokers, obese nonsmokers, smokers of normal weight and nonsmokers of normal weight. The women tasted several vanilla puddings containing varying amounts of fat and were asked to rate them for sweetness and creaminess, a measure of fat content.

“Compared with the other three groups, smokers who were obese perceived less creaminess and sweetness,” Pepino said. “They also derived less pleasure from tasting the puddings.”

The findings are published in the April issue of the journal Obesity.

Pepino cautioned that the study only identified associations between smoking and taste rather than definitive reasons why obese smokers were less likely to detect fat and sweetness. But the findings imply that the ability to perceive fat and sweetness — and to derive pleasure from food — is compromised in female smokers who are obese, which could contribute to the consumption of more calories.

“Obese people often crave high-fat foods,” she said. “Our findings suggest that having this intense craving but not perceiving fat and sweetness in food may lead these women to eat more. Since smoking and obesity are risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, the additional burden of craving more fats and sugars, while not fully tasting them, could be detrimental to health.”

Interestingly, it was the combination of smoking and obesity that created something of a “double-whammy” because smokers who were not overweight could perceive fat and sweetness that was similar to women who did not smoke.

Previous studies have linked smoking to increased food cravings and greater consumption of fat, regardless of whether a smoker is obese. Studies also have found that smokers tend to have increased waist-to-hip ratios. That is, they tend to be shaped more like apples than pears, another risk factor for heart disease and metabolic problems.

The findings contribute to a growing body of knowledge that challenges the lingering perception that smoking helps a person maintain a healthy weight.

“Women are much more likely than men to take up smoking as an aid to weight control,” Pepino said. “But there is no good evidence showing that it helps maintain a healthy weight over the long term. And in the case of obese women who smoke, it appears the smoking may make things even worse than previously thought.”

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<p>Question by LBJ the best: a good workout???????????????
give me a good workout to build muscle please.

Best answer:

Answer by Dr Dave
One workout wont do anything for you. Ten workouts wont do anything either. Your body will get used to one workout and it will get used to ten workouts. Your workouts need to constantly change. You never do the same thing everytime you goto the gym. Your not an 80 year old man, only 80 year old men do that.

Goto bodybuilding.com
Click on “supersite”

Look at the articles and find some workouts and print a bunch of them. Also read about how to eat to grow, how to workout safely, how to prevent injuries, etc…

Add your own answer in the comments!

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    • Michael Kory
    • April 4, 2014
    • Andréas Remis
    • April 4, 2014

    You don’t have shoulder problems after push workouts?

    • Brandon Campbell
    • April 4, 2014

    Inb4 Crossfit.

    • Josiah Carter
    • April 4, 2014

    I haven’t done Nortons power-hypertrophy but I did Brandon Campbells
    Power-hypertrophy upper lower ( PHUL) which was solid! I made some gainz
    with that!

    • Nathan Figueroa
    • April 4, 2014

    I literally love the hammer strength shoulder press…actually I love all
    the hammer strength machines!! It was the reason I switched from golds gym
    to LA fitness.

    • Karen Marsh
    • April 4, 2014

    Both of you need to keep your butts on the bench.

    • Anthony Intensity
    • April 4, 2014

    I am looking for a nice hard challengeing routine too Michael… so
    hopefully all those subscribers can help you (and me) with some ideas!

    • Harry Menen
    • April 4, 2014

    bro split

    • thatPUNKdude
    • April 4, 2014

    What does everyone here think of IceCreamFitness’ 5×5 program? I’m a
    beginner, skinny fat. I really don’t want to bulk right now as I don’t want
    to get any fatter than I already am. I would be doing the cutting version
    of ICF’s 5×5.

    • Naoufalitos24
    • April 4, 2014

    Don’t beat yourself up for anything, you look good, i’ve been following you
    for quite a while now, you are progressing, keep up the good work :)

    • John Ny
    • April 4, 2014


    • Tishtian
    • April 4, 2014

    Buff Dudes’s 12 week program. And keep that ass on the bench!

    • paul mcdonnell
    • April 4, 2014

    Brandon has actually got a PHUL workout routine on his channel as you prob
    already know and have seen his vid on it. Wouldn’t you consider trying that
    out, iv been on it for 12 weeks now and iv got a lot stronger especially on
    squats and deads

    • BlackMambaKO
    • April 4, 2014

    I am also like this on my form. I always have to perfect it and I don’t
    know why. Do you think this can be problem? Because then sometimes I think
    I feel one side more than the other and that I am not symmetrical.

    • Jake
    • April 4, 2014

    The best exercises to build muscle are compound movements. Do ~4 weeks of compound exercises and then you can incorporate isolation exercises. Compound exercises include: Bench press, military press, inclined bench press, overhand pulldown, flat DB press, Squats, deadlifts, upright rows, seated row, bicep curls (Yes, its a compound movement), standing or seated shoulder press (with Dumbells).

    Workout 3 times a week. Start light and perfect form. Once your central nervous system is trained, you can pile on the weight.

    Consume lots of protein and calories. If your diet is lacking nutrients, you won’t grow.

    • rafa
    • April 4, 2014

    it depends on your goal, e.g. for the girls some workout plans are on http://gym4her.com/

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