Elderly men with high blood pressure lower death risk with moderate fitness

Elderly men with high blood pressure can lower their risk of death with even moderate levels of fitness, according to new research in the American Heart Association’s journal Hypertension.

“This level of fitness is achievable by most elderly individuals engaging in a brisk walk of 20 to 40 minutes, most days of the week,” said Charles Faselis, M.D., lead author of the study and chief and professor of medicine at George Washington University in Washington, D.C.

For the study, researchers assessed the fitness status of 2,153 men, aged 70 years and older with high blood pressure by a standard treadmill exercise test. Researchers applied the international units used to measure fitness, called metabolic equivalents (METs), to determine the men’s peak fitness levels. A MET is equal to the amount of oxygen the body uses per kilogram of body weight per minute. One MET is the amount of energy expended at rest; anything above that represents work.

Researchers categorized the men as very low fitness, low fitness, moderate fitness, and high fitness.

“To put this in perspective, the peak MET level of a sedentary 50-year-old is about five to six METs,” said Peter Kokkinos, Ph.D., senior author and professor at Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Georgetown University School of Medicine and George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences.

“For a moderately fit individual, it’s about seven to nine METS, and for a highly fit person, it’s 10 to 12 METs. Still, marathon runners, cyclists and other long distance athletes often have MET levels of 20 or higher.”

After an average follow-up of nine years, researchers found that the risk of death was 11 percent lower for every one-MET increase in exercise capacity.

“Although this does not sound like a big drop in the death rate, the impact of it is revealed when we compared low-, moderate- and high-fit individuals to the least fit, who achieved less or equal to four METs,” Kokkinos said.

Compared to least-fit men (up to 4 peak METs):

  • Those in the low-fit category (4.1 to 6 peak METs) had an 18 percent lower risk of death.
  • Moderately-fit men (6.1 to 8 peak METs) had a 36 percent lower risk of death.
  • High-fit men with peak METs of more than 8 reduced the risk of death by 48 percent.

“For every 100 people who died in the least-fit category, 82 died in the low-fit, 64 in the moderate-fit and 52 in the high-fit categories,” Kokkinos said. “The death rate is cut in half for those in the highest fitness category.”

Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Heart Association. Note: Materials may be edited for

… Continue reading here.
Fitness News — Sciencedaily
— Courtesy “Science News Daily” (ScienceNewsDaily.com) <p>

Learn how you can draw professional looking lines with these simple hand control exercises. Do subscribe to my channel. Thanks, -Wei.


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    • Savannah Gibson
    • May 14, 2014

    Great art! Nice technique though! You have got a new subscriber

    • Learn2Draw
    • May 14, 2014

    Nice work.

    • Ucan Draw
    • May 14, 2014

    to all my subscribers: please watch this part at 4 minutes!! it is a
    perfect example of using a reference, excactly what the skyrim video was
    talking about (:

    the more u practice, the more u will handle looking at a reference and
    doing 10 times better with more ease. thanks!

    • ika manashvili
    • May 15, 2014

    what pensil you use for drawing? i see on this video you use pensil and on
    it written 2B can you please do video or something like that (explain).
    which pensil you using or did you use one pensil for all ? Thanks

    • iAmLukeeee
    • May 15, 2014

    The shading method really helped me improve my drawings, Thanks a lot man

    • Dane Calderon
    • May 15, 2014

    Making poison ivy the thumbnail for the video was genius 😉 Great vid.
    Thanks for posting! I’ve been working on a similar technique with brush
    tip markers, which *kinda* works but doesn’t really. Gotta keep

    • RedGallardo
    • May 15, 2014

    “1. Draw a circle 2. Draw the rest of the owl” XD

    Smooth going from how to draw lines to a professionally drawn lady. =P It’s
    inspiring though, thanks for the vid.

    • Nevermonkey
    • May 15, 2014

    Wow man, you’re so good!
    Brilliant use of simple techniques!

    • Ziyad Ousmand
    • May 15, 2014

    Love your work Wei, have so much trouble outlining and making a drawing
    look clear.

    • Just That Guy :3
    • May 15, 2014

    Your control with that pencil amazes me. You got yourself a new subscriber.
    I cant wait to see more! :)

    • the3dultimate
    • May 15, 2014

    Are you working with Blizzard?

    • Hannah K
    • May 15, 2014

    I’v been drawing all my life but haven’t ever learned the simple basics of
    drawing in such an effective way 🙂 its hard to go back and relearn all the
    bad methods I taught myself, but your are very helpful! Thank you~

    • Brittany Branch
    • May 15, 2014

    My issue is how do I shade a large area evenly. Ugh with color pencil it’s
    even harder

    • KaiserinAstrid
    • May 15, 2014

    I wish my drawings would look half as good as yours, instead of variations
    of different turds. I suppose I should draw postmodern things since that
    doesn’t require much talent. :P

    • Stas McJackoff
    • May 15, 2014

    Last drawing didn’t help me control my hand that much.

    • Brian Delacruz
    • May 15, 2014

    My drawings were pretty good but the line quality is the big issue. Problem
    is that the lines would get too thick and dark.

    • Syreadisa
    • May 15, 2014

    What pencil do you use if i may know? :)

    • Kilyén Balázs
    • May 15, 2014

    Do these apply for digital drawing with tablets? I know i have to practice
    a lot with tablet to get my original pen and paper quality, but still,
    would this set of mind help me?

    • covenent200
    • May 15, 2014


    • SOLOArts
    • May 15, 2014

    I knew this was going to end with tentical porn..

    • X Icer
    • May 15, 2014

    hand control … my mind is dirty..

    • WeiWorks
    • May 15, 2014

    A line is so important.

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