Girls born unexpectedly small or underweight seem to be twice as likely to have fertility problems in adulthood as those of normal size at birth, suggests research published in the online only journal BMJ Open.
Medical advances mean that more underweight and very small babies will survive into adulthood, which might therefore increase the prevalence of fertility problems, say the authors.
But as this is the first research of its kind, further studies will be needed before definitive conclusions can be drawn, they caution.
The researchers base their findings on 1206 women who were born in Sweden from 1973 onwards, and part of a straight couple seeking help for fertility problems at one major centre between 2005 and 2010.
The primary cause of infertility — female, combined, male or unexplained — was gleaned from the patients’ medical records, while details of their birth size, age, and weight were gathered from Sweden’s national medical birth register.
Infertility was attributed to female causes in 38.5% of the cases; male causes in just under 27%; combined causes in just under 7%; and unexplained in 28%.
Around two thirds of the women were of a healthy weight, while around one in four was overweight. One in 20 was obese while almost 2.5% were under weight.
Women whose infertility was attributable to a female cause tended to be heavier than average; excess weight is a known risk factor for infertility.
Just under 4% of the women had been born prematurely; a similar proportion were underweight at birth; while just under 6% were unexpectedly small babies.
Analysis of the data showed that women with fertility problems attributable to a female factor, were almost 2.5 times as likely to have been underweight at birth as those in whom the cause of infertility was attributable to a male factor or unexplained.
Similarly, these women were almost three times as likely to have been born unexpectedly small as those whose primary cause of infertility was unexplained.
These findings held true even after influential factors, including previous motherhood and current weight, were taken into account.
By way of possible explanation, the authors suggest that growth restriction in the womb might affect the developing reproductive organs as previous research has linked fetal growth restriction with reduced ovulation.
And other research has pointed to the fetal origins of some adult diseases, they add.
They caution that the sample size was relatively small and carried out in one geographical area in one country so may not be applicable elsewhere. Further research would be needed before definitive conclusions could be drawn, they say.
But they say that if the associations between low birthweight or small birth size and infertility are confirmed, this may have implications for the prevalence of infertility problems.
“As medical research and care advances, more infants will be born [with low birthweight or small
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<p>Question by Joshua: Join fitness programs or not?
I’m a 5’5 male weighing 179lbs 19 years old. This is the heaviest I’ve ever been in my life. I’ve researched on some tips on how to lose weight. I’ve already started on a diet last week consisting of 5-6 light meals a day. I count my calories and I do moderate workouts once or twice a day. I cheat during weekends. This is my first time going on a diet and I’m not sure if what I’m doing is right. I would like to ask if I should join fitness programs like Weight Watchers or JennyCraig etc.
I have a large framesize. I have a goal of reaching at least 145-150 lbs by the end of April. I’m not working or going to school so I have all the time I could use.
Answer by Shuzan
Easy useful fitness tips
Easy useful fitness tips
Fitness tips and healthy lifestyle is not easy task for all, it believes most of the people, but, s not always true speaking. If you really want hardly about fitness tips, all difficult elements will removed from you. All it requires is self-control along with liability.fitness tips
Below are 5 simple fitness tips on how to get a jump on your path to excellent wellness. Study for every fitness tips and you’ll understand that it is really simpler than you maybe considered it would be. You simply require taking the preliminary few fitness tips.
Fitness tips guidelines #1: Begin little.
When you’re desired, meal is something you have to avoid; Take average activities. If you eat the meals each day try to cut down on your usage and create it just 3 periods regular. Reduce extra and create it once every seven times while you have maintained fitness tips. Responsibility this, you can silent take satisfaction in the meals but not develop up your desiring fitness.
Fitness tips guidelines #2: Strategy reasonably.
Establish objectives fitness for yourself. it does not actually suggest that you will need to wipe out yourself to obtain it so when you don’t you’ll also wipe out yourself. Developing too higher objectives will usually only carry about failing and aggravation. While you make, be sure that you is able to do it. How will you know? Keep be genuine. You know what you are able of. It is far better goal establishing techniques for yourself that you know you can utilize. Reaching them gives you a sensation of good results which will create you more self-confident and much more satisfied to proceed with your career……………………..
Know better? Leave your own answer in the comments!
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