A small new study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) shows that, in people with type 2 diabetes, those who consume a high energy breakfast and a low energy dinner have better blood sugar control than those who eat a low energy breakfast and a high energy dinner. Thus adjusting diet in this fashion could help optimise metabolic control and prevent complications of type 2 diabetes. The authors of the study include Professor Daniela Jakubowicz and Professor Julio Wainstein, Wolfson Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Israel, Professor Bo Ahren, Lund University, Sweden and Professor Oren Froy Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.
Previous work by this group has shown that high energy breakfast with low energy dinner (the B diet) reduced post-meal blood glucose spikes (post-prandial glycaemia) in obese non-diabetic individuals, when compared with a low energy breakfast and high energy dinner diet (the D diet). This new randomised study included 18 individuals (eight men, 10 women), with type 2 diabetes of less than 10 years duration, an age range 30-70 years, body mass index (BMI) 22-35 kg/m2, and treated with metformin and/or dietary advice (eight patients with diet alone and 10 with diet and metformin). Patients were randomised to either the B diet or the D diet daily for 1 week. The B diet contained 2946 kilojoule (kj) breakfast, 2523 kj lunch, and 858kj dinner. The D diet contained the same total energy but arranged differently: 858 kj breakfast, 2523 kj lunch, and 2946 kj dinner. The larger of the two meals included milk, tuna, a granola bar, scrambled egg, yoghurt and cereal, while the smaller meal contained sliced turkey breast, mozzarella, salad and coffee.
Breakfast was taken at 0800H AM, lunch at 1300H PM, and dinner at 1900H PM. Patients consumed their diets at home for 6 days before the sampling day. On the 7th day (sampling day), each group consumed their assigned meal plan in the clinic, and blood samples were collected just before breakfast (0 min) and at 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150 and 180 min after eating commenced. Blood sampling was repeated at the same time points after lunch and dinner. Post-meal levels of glucose were measured in each participant, as well as levels of insulin, c-peptide (a component of insulin), and glucagon-like-peptide 1 hormone (GLP-1 and also known as incretin: an indicator of glucose metaobilsm that stimulates insulin release). Two weeks later, patients were crossed over to the other diet plan, and the tests repeated.
The results showed that post-meal glucose levels were 20% lower and levels of insulin, C-peptide and GLP-1 were 20% higher in participants on the B diet compared with the D diet. Despite the diets containing the same total energy and same calories during lunch, lunch in the B diet resulted in lower blood glucose (by 21-25%) and higher insulin (by 23%) compared with the lunch in the D diet.
“These observations suggest that a change in meal timing influences the overall daily rhythm of post-meal insulin and incretin and
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Primacoustic Broadway 12″ x 48″ Control Columns, Absorptive Panels, Box of 12, 2″ Beveled Edges, Grey
Broadway Control Columns present an attractive, ‘easy to install’ solution for acoustic treatment where you want to control primary reflections, eliminate flutter echo and reduce standing waves. Broadway Control Columns come in a choice of 3 thicknesses and 3 colors, with or without a beveled edge. Panels are quickly mounted using Primacoustic Surface Impalers. High density absorptive panels Effectively controls primary reflections Easy to install on practically any surface Attractive ‘Roman Pillar’ design in choice of colors Made from high density 6 pound per cubic foot high density fiberglass, Control Columns are designed to be positioned in arrays to treat bothersome reflections that exist between the sound source and the listener. The panels are typically spread across a wall surface leaving space in between each panel. This allows some of the energy to reflect back into the room so as not to completely deaden the space. This helps control acoustic problems while leaving a sense of ‘air’ or natural ambiance. The Control Column’s long narrow design is reminiscent of the historic ‘Roman Pillar’ making it an ideal compliment the most demanding architectural designs. This makes the Control Columns an excellent choice in live-end, dead-end designs such as in studios and home theatres while also providing a cost effective alternative for larger spaces such as music practice rooms, dance studios, fitness centers and classrooms that need to be tamed in effort to reduce the reverberant time.
Price: $ 650.00
Sold by Cascio Interstate Music
Get Your FITS…and take a hike! The Light Hiker is cushioned from heel to toe and contours to your foot, keeping you comfortable utilizing Merino Wool’s natural ability to wick moisture and regulate temperature while trailblazing. Stay-up comfort top. Fully cushioned sole. Comfortable flat knit duarable toe seam. Extra strength in the heel for long wearing use. Durable construction. Engineered with Full Contact FIT giving you the perfect fit in all dynamic situations. Arch support.FITS Full Contact FitFITS are engineered to work with any shoes, perfectly molding to the shape of your foot and leg. It’s called the FITS Full Contact Fit. FITS uses a super-fine Merino Wool, specialized knitting, and devotion to making the highest quality product. Full Contact Cuff: FITS are designed to follow the contours of your foot, form-fitting comfortably next to your skin without falling down your calf or bunching up around your arch. Dynamic Toe Cup: Conforms to the natural shape of the toes for a perfect fit, eliminating extra bulk. Heel Lock: The Deep Heel Pocket with reinforced heel utilizes a patented Y-shaped stitch that secures your heel in place, preventing the sock from sliding, thus eliminating hot spots and blisters.FITS = True AmericanaKnitting socks in Niota, TN since 1902, Crescent Sock Co. endured the ups and downs that shaped the character of America’s people and her textiles industry. The family-owned company remains committed to its vision, its people, and to keeping jobs in the Tennessee Valley. Their socks are constructed from two-ply, compact-spun, ultra-fine Merino Wool, providing the ultimate blend of softness and durability.
List Price: $ 19.95
Price: $ 19.95