Low levels of 25-OH vitamin D in childhood were associated with subclinical atherosclerosis over 25 years later in adulthood, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
The importance of vitamin D for cardiovascular health has been the focus of increasing interest. Low levels of vitamin D have previously been shown to be related to increased risk of stroke and heart attack. Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are highly prevalent among children worldwide, and this study examined the relationship between low childhood vitamin D levels and adult increased carotid intima-thickness (IMT). IMT is a marker of structural atherosclerosis, which correlates with cardiovascular risk factors, and predicts cardiovascular events.
“Our results showed an association between low 25-OH vitamin D levels in childhood and increased occurrence of subclinical atherosclerosis in adulthood,” said one of the JCEM study’s authors, Markus Juonala, MD, PhD, of the University of Turku Finland. “The association was independent of conventional cardiovascular risk factors including serum lipids, blood pressure, smoking, diet, physical activity, obesity indices and socioeconomic status.”
This study analyzed 2,148 subjects from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, aged 3-18 years at baseline. Subjects were re-examined at age 30-45 years. Childhood levels of vitamin D were measured from stored serum. Carotid IMT was measured on the posterior wall of the left carotid artery using ultrasound technology. Study subjects with 25-OH vitamin D levels in the lowest quartile in childhood had a significantly higher prevalence of high-risk IMT as adults (21.9% vs. 12.7%).
“More research is needed to investigate whether low vitamin D levels have a causal role in the development increased carotid artery thickness,” Juonala said. “Nevertheless, our observations highlight the importance of providing children with a diet that includes sufficient vitamin D.”
Get Your FITS…and kick it in style! FITS Casual Knee-High socks bring everything you love about FITS to your everyday, busy life! The daily grind may get you down, but your feet will always be looking and feeling better than ever. Treat your feet – you deserve it! Arch support. Non-cushion flat knit construction. Light weight and fashionable. Stay-up comfort top. Comfort toe seam. Engineered with Full Contact FIT giving you the perfect fit in all dynamic situations.FITS Full Contact FitFITS are engineered to work with any shoes, perfectly molding to the shape of your foot and leg. It’s called the FITS Full Contact Fit. FITS uses a super-fine Merino Wool, specialized knitting, and devotion to making the highest quality product. Full Contact Cuff: FITS are designed to follow the contours of your foot, form-fitting comfortably next to your skin without falling down your calf or bunching up around your arch. Dynamic Toe Cup: Conforms to the natural shape of the toes for a perfect fit, eliminating extra bulk. Heel Lock: The Deep Heel Pocket with reinforced heel utilizes a patented Y-shaped stitch that secures your heel in place, preventing the sock from sliding, thus eliminating hot spots and blisters.FITS = True AmericanaKnitting socks in Niota, TN since 1902, Crescent Sock Co. endured the ups and downs that shaped the character of America’s people and her textiles industry. The family-owned company remains committed to its vision, its people, and to keeping jobs in the Tennessee Valley. Their socks are constructed from two-ply, compact-spun, ultra-fine Merino Wool, providing the ultimate blend of softness and durability.
List Price: $ 19.95
Price: $ 19.95
Unlimited vouchers can be purchased. Unlimited vouchers as gifts can be purchased. Promotional value of offer is valid 6 months from date of purchase. Classes need to be scheduled by phone. Classes for new clients or clients that haven’t visited within 6 months. Classes must be used within 45 days of the first visit.
Price: $ 180.00