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Small weight gain can raise blood pressure in healthy adults

Gaining just five pounds can increase your blood pressure, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association’s High Blood Pressure Research Scientific Sessions 2014.

Many people understand the health dangers of large amounts of extra body weight, but researchers in this study wanted to see the impact of a small weight gain of about five to 11 pounds.

“To our knowledge, for the first time, we showed that the blood pressure increase was specifically related to increases in abdominal visceral fat, which is the fat inside the abdomen,” said Naima Covassin, Ph.D., the study’s lead author and a research fellow at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. “Our research suggests that healthy people who are more likely to gain weight in the stomach area are also more likely to have their blood pressure increased.”

At the beginning of the eight-week study, a 24-hour monitor tested the blood pressure of 16 normal weight people. Researchers fed them an extra 400 to 1,200 calories each day with their choice of an ice cream shake, chocolate bar or energy drink to increase their weight by about 5 percent. Afterwards, their blood pressure was taken for another 24-hour period. Their results were compared to 10 normal weight, healthy people who maintained the same weight over the eight weeks. Researchers found:

  • Those who gained weight had a systolic blood pressure (top number) increase from an average 114 mm Hg to an average 118 mm Hg.
  • Those who gained more weight inside their abdomen had a greater blood pressure increase.
  • A five to 11 pound weight gain didn’t change cholesterol, insulin or blood sugar levels.

The study was conducted in healthy people ages 18-48. Further studies will need to be conducted to see if the results are similar in different age groups, those with a family history of high blood pressure and other groups, Covassin said.

“The public awareness of the adverse health effects of obesity is increasing; however, it seems most people are not aware of the risks of a few extra pounds,” Covassin said. “This is an important finding because a five- to seven-pound weight gain may be normal for many during the holiday season, the first year of college or even while on vacation.”

Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Heart Association. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.

Original story here.
Fitness News — Sciencedaily
— Courtesy “Science News Daily” (ScienceNewsDaily.com)

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    Comments

      • Brandon Lee
      • September 14, 2014
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      9 of 9 people found the following review helpful
      4.0 out of 5 stars
      Works As Intended, April 22, 2012
      By 
      Brandon Lee
      (REAL NAME)
        

      Verified Purchase(What’s this?)
      This review is from: Ball Chair Height Adapters for Isokinetics Inc. Brand PLASTIC FRAME Ball Chairs – Set of 4 – Black – Adds 2″ (Misc.)
      As other reviewers have mentioned, these adapters add roughly 2″ to your Isokinetics Inc. Balance Ball Chair – with Choice of 52cm Ball and a Pump. Being 5’6″ and pumping the ball up to the recommended dimensions, these adapters place me at an optimal sitting position where my thighs are perfectly parallel to the floor and my shins perpindicular to the ground. If your legs are at any less than a 90 degree angle, I’d highly recommend getting these adapters as you are likely too tall (6’+) for the standard height of the chair, which could cause your legs to be tucked uncomfortably towards your abdomen, thus disturbing your lumbar and ultimately your posture (isn’t this why you bought the chair in the first place?!).

      *Overall, I’d give it a B because it does its job adequately, but for the cost they should have provided more height with added adjustability.

      On a side note, they aren’t the easiest adapters to place in the socket but you shouldn’t need a mallet as another reviewer noted. Simply push these in as far as you can, flip the chair over on its wheels and…sit on it; your body weight should be enough to push it in securely.

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      • Mike of Mpls
      • September 14, 2014
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      7 of 7 people found the following review helpful
      5.0 out of 5 stars
      Work as expected, September 11, 2011
      By 
      Mike of Mpls (Minneapolis, MN, US) –

      Verified Purchase(What’s this?)
      This review is from: Ball Chair Height Adapters for Isokinetics Inc. Brand PLASTIC FRAME Ball Chairs – Set of 4 – Black – Adds 2″ (Misc.)
      I bought these to go with a Gaiam balance chair. They fit snugly, so it was a little difficult to get them in, but now that they’re in, they’re doing the job as expected.

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      • Shari Chapman
      • September 14, 2014
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      5 of 5 people found the following review helpful
      5.0 out of 5 stars
      Definitely buy these with the purchase of your ball chair, October 26, 2012
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      Verified Purchase(What’s this?)
      This review is from: Ball Chair Height Adapters for Isokinetics Inc. Brand PLASTIC FRAME Ball Chairs – Set of 4 – Black – Adds 2″ (Misc.)
      If you have a desk or table that is more than 28 inches in height, you will need these height adapters not matter how tall or short you are. They are worth the extra cost and make the ball chair the perfect height. I am 5’5″ and have a 30″ desk, these adapters put me at the right height.

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