A study of 8 European countries presented at this year’s European Congress on Obesity (ECO)in Sofia, Bulgaria, shows that children consuming a diet more in line with the rules of the Mediterranean one are 15% less likely to be overweight or obese than those children who do not.
The research is by Dr Gianluca Tognon, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, and colleagues across the 8 countries: Sweden, Germany, Spain, Italy, Cyprus, Belgium, Estonia and Hungary.
The researchers used data from the IDEFICS study (Identification and Prevention of Dietary — and lifestyle — induced health effects in Children and infants), funded by the European Commission. Weight, height, waist circumference, and percent body fat mass were measured in children from these eight countries.
Vegetables, fruit, nuts and fish
The parents of these children were interviewed by means of a questionnaire specifically designed for the IDEFICS study and enquiring about the consumption frequency of 43 foods. Additional dietary data have been complemented by a telephone interview performed on a sub-sample of parents.
The adherence to a Mediterranean-like diet was assessed by a score calculating by giving one point for high intakes of each food group which was considered typical of the Mediterranean diet (vegetables, fruit and nuts, fish and cereal grains), as well as one point for low intakes of foods untypical of the Mediterranean diet (such as dairy and meat products).
Swedish children most Mediterranean
Interestingly, the prevalence of high adherence to a Mediterranean-like diet was found to be independent of the geographical distribution, with the Swedish children scoring the highest (followed by the Italians) and the children from Cyprus scoring the lowest.
The team found that children with a high adherence to a Mediterranean-like diet were 15% less likely to be overweight or obese than low-adherent children. The findings were independent of age, sex, socioeconomic status or country of residence.
The children with high adherence at baseline were 10-15% less likely to be among those who went through major increases in BMI, waist circumference and body fat.
“The promotion of a Mediterranean dietary pattern is no longer a feature of Mediterranean countries. Considering its potential beneficial effects on obesity prevention, this dietary pattern should be part of EU obesity prevention strategies and its promotion should be particularly intense in those countries where low levels of adherence are detected.” says Gianluca Tognon, researcher at the Sahlgrenska Academy.
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<p>Question by ddakota87: opinions needed for fitness articles?
I have two links to fitness articles, All I need is opinions on them.Including a side you chose and why. or anything you want to put down. Im doing this for a research paper and i need opinions. or send a link for anouther article and your opinion. please tell me which one you did.
Answer by smiles
We join our mind, our body and our spirit in everything we do. A quote from this 91 year old Yoga instructor. I would have to say I choose her article with some skeptical notes. For some Christians, yoga is forbidden because it allows the enemy to enter your mind. For others yoga relaxes the muscles in your body which is needed to keep the blood flowing and keeps arteries from clogging. Does it work for all people? Not necessarily because she’s a small framed woman. Was she like this all her life? This article didn’t give those facts. This is why I stated I am a bit skeptical about her life. But age does matter. She’s 91 with a good health record. If it kept her alive this long than the yoga does work or does it? It states she swims laps. That’s where she gets her extra energy of exercise. So, yoga by itself isn’t as efficient as it sounds. All it does is relax your body and relieves stress. The swimming is what keeps her fit. At first, I was going to choose Cage fitness because its similar to boot camp but this extensive routine can cause many other health problems like strokes or heart attacks because the arteries are working twice as hard and the muscles will cramp up more. But, remember she swims. That’s as equivalent to extensive exercise movements. My dad is 85 years old and he goes to a fitness gym and eats healthy. He never had a stroke or heart attack. He use to have high blood pressure until he began eating the proper food. I read the other day a 21 year old having a heart attack and she is fit and a vegan. She found out she had a rare high cholesterol. Both article is good but the comparison would be that no matter what kind of exercise a person engages it depends on that individuals health. You can be skinny and fit and die because your heart gave out because of the extensive workout. The yoga routine is slow paced and the heart works lesser. She’s been doing yoga for 51 years with the aid of swimming. The water relaxes the muscles and gives the heart less to pump which eliminates any possible heart attack or strokes. No where did I read that she had any heart problems, cancer or anything major wrong with her not even arthritis. Hope this helps but remember do a comparison for your research paper.
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