2014/06/05180_exercise_41fsVieLSaL._SL160_

Brain signals link physical fitness to better language skills in kids

Brain signals link physical fitness to better language skills in kids

Children who are physically fit have faster and more robust neuro-electrical brain responses during reading than their less-fit peers, researchers report.

These differences correspond with better language skills in the children who are more fit, and occur whether they’re reading straightforward sentences or sentences that contain errors of grammar or syntax.

The new findings, reported in the journal Brain and Cognition, do not prove that higher fitness directly influences the changes seen in the electrical activity of the brain, the researchers say, but offer a potential mechanism to explain why fitness correlates so closely with better cognitive performance on a variety of tasks.

“All we know is there is something different about higher and lower fit kids,” said University of Illinois kinesiology and community health professor Charles Hillman, who led the research with graduate student Mark Scudder and psychology professor Kara Federmeier. “Now whether that difference is caused by fitness or maybe some third variable that (affects) both fitness and language processing, we don’t know yet.”

The researchers used electroencephalography (EEG), placing an electrode cap on the scalp to capture some of the electrical impulses associated with brain activity. The squiggly readouts from the electrodes look like seismic readings captured during an earthquake, and characteristic wave patterns are associated with different tasks.

These patterns are called “event-related potentials” (ERPs), and vary according to the person being evaluated and the nature of the stimulus, Scudder said.

Healthy Lifestyle

For example, if you hear or read a word in a sentence that makes sense (“You wear shoes on your feet”), the component of the brain waveform known as the N400 is less pronounced than if you read a sentence in which the word no longer makes sense (“At school we sing shoes and dance,” for example), Scudder said.

“We focused on the N400 because it is associated with the processing of the meaning of a word,” he said. “And then we also looked at another ERP, the P600, which is associated with the grammatical rules of a sentence.” Federmeier, a study co-author, is an expert in the neurobiological basis of language. Her work inspired the new analysis.

The researchers found that children who were more fit (as measured by oxygen uptake during exercise) had higher amplitude N400 and P600 waves than their less-fit peers when reading normal or nonsensical sentences. The N400 also had shorter latency in children who were more fit, suggesting that they processed the same information more quickly than their peers.

Most importantly, the researchers said, these differences in brain activity corresponded to better reading performance and language comprehension in the children who were more fit.

“Previous reports have shown that greater N400 amplitude is seen in higher-ability readers,” Scudder said.

“Our study shows that the brain function of higher fit kids is different, in the sense that they appear to

… Continue reading here.
Fitness News — Sciencedaily
— Courtesy “Science News Daily” (ScienceNewsDaily.com) <p>

Low back pain affects 85% of all Americans. Exercise is a powerful tool to address back pain. This exercise fits into a broader category of exercises referre…

<p>This is a review of TKO Anti Burst Fitness Stability Ball (65cm). Hope it helps!

  • Fitness balls offer wide variety of challenging, core-strengthening workouts
  • Measures 65-centimeters in diameter
  • Soft rubber cushions and supports your body, while helping increase flexibility and toning muscles
  • Durable, anti-burst construction and easy-to-clean material will hold up to years of heavy use
  • Convenient hand pump and instructional wall chart are also included
Perfect for yoga and fitness classes, fitness balls help increase flexibility while strengthening and toning muscles. Our fitness balls feature anti-burst construction and are easy to clean. Includes hand pump and instructional wall chart. NOTE: INFLATING INSTRUCTION Inflating your TKO Fitness Ball for the first time: 1. Make sure your TKO Fitness Ball is at room temperature before starting the inflation process 2. Using the pump included, inflate the ball to 80% of its stated size. Once ball has been inflated, using the plug that is provided, insert into the hole and press firmly so no air escapes. Leave for 24 hours before inflating to full size. 3. After 24 hours, please refer to Part 2 to ensure ball is properly inflated for the user Pa Read the rest of the review here...

Price:

What is your opinion of ? We would like you to leave your opinion below.

Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2014 HealthNutFitness

Click here for more information about 'Brain signals link physical fitness to better language skills in kids'.

Tags: , , , , , , , , ,
Previous Post
2014/06/3576d_exercise_default
Running Yoga

Saturated fat intake may influence a person’s expression of genetic obesity risk

Next Post

Do your stomach bacteria protect you from obesity?

Comments

    • Suraiyah Mohammed
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    can someone please tell me where i can get a heap of lower back and knee
    mcgill exercises via youtube?

    View Comment
    • Levy Chiropractic
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    Here’s an ab #workout that will also help with low back pain. Low Back Pain
    Exercise – Curl Up exercise for low back pain

    View Comment
    • Ken Brewster
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    thank you so much. my lower back would pop (pain free) doing regular ab
    exercises, and this exercise has stopped that.

    View Comment
    • Alessandro Miletti
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    Just a little question. Many people do crunches in order to increase the
    mass of the rectus abdominis. Do you think that this exercise can be useful
    in obtaining the same thing? Thank you.

    View Comment
    • Nadia Perry
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    Is this also help to straighten the tummy?

    View Comment
    • spinenutrition
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    Yes this is a great exercise for the abdominals. This and the related
    abdominal bracing exercise are my favorite exercise for strengthening the
    abdominals.

    View Comment
    • spinenutrition
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    How did this work for you? Helpful?

    View Comment
    • spinenutrition
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    It is a great abdominal exercise, whatever your goals are.

    View Comment
    • spinenutrition
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    Awesome. I hope it helps.

    View Comment
    • 2stunden
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    I like the table, looks like a Feldenkrais table (even though the exercise
    is far from it), nice firm, even surface.

    View Comment
    • spinenutrition
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    That is great. I am glad this has worked for you. I have spoke with Dr.
    McGill about his exercise research and he is a very interesting individual.
    These curl-ups are great for most anyone in that you can work on engaging
    the abdominals without putting undue stress on the low back. Do you do an
    McKenzie or other back-specific exercises?

    View Comment
    • spinenutrition
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    The curl up is a better exercise because it engages the abdominals and
    obliques more broadly. The rectus abdominus makes you look nice in a
    swimsuit but is a less important stabilizer for the lumbar spine. This is
    an interesting question.

    View Comment
    • primitivejekka
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    My trainer, who worked with Dr McGill has always advised me NOT to put the
    pressure on my arms at all, in fact we lift our elbows off the ground so to
    ensure that we’re not using them.

    View Comment
    • Ashleyation
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    yup i’ll try it

    View Comment
    • spinenutrition
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    Yes this exercise can be helpful with low back and “pinched nerve” type
    pain. I usually will have people start with a McKenzie pressup exercise to
    try to get at some of the sciatica or nerve symptoms. Then I will have them
    add in these and some other exercises. I will be posting more videos of
    some of these exercises shortly. I have an eBook with a description of
    these exercises and pics if you are interested I can send it over.

    View Comment
    • spinenutrition
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    Thanks for the feedback. Keeping the arms off the ground is a more ideal
    way to do this exercise. I often have people start by placing the elbows on
    the ground or even using the push-down on the arms to get started. This
    makes the exercise a little easier for someone with weak abdominals or is
    just getting started with this kind of exercise. Do you have a history of
    back pain or just use the exercise to keep out of pain?

    View Comment
    • riem630
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    Is this a good exercise to relieve pain from a pinched nerve in your lower
    back?

    View Comment
    • Ashleyation
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply

    In the beginning it actually hurt but after a few days it feels great. but
    i think its too soon to tell but i’ll let you know then after a few weeks ?

    View Comment
    • B
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply
    297 of 303 people found the following review helpful
    5.0 out of 5 stars
    270 pounds hasn’t popped it, April 24, 2009
    By
    B (USA) –

    Verified Purchase(What’s this?)
    I’m 6’5″ 270 pounds. So when I looked into stability balls I was really concerned with whether one would support me. So far, so good. I got it yesterday, blew it up in a few minutes, and sat on it (hesitantly at first) for over an hour. Then worked out for about an hour. It seems very durable and able to maintain my weight without a problem. The exercises on this thing are super effective, as I can feel today. The ball is just right as far as size goes.
    Someone complained about the pump, but I found it efficient. It’s like a huge syringe. It worked fine. It only took me a few minutes to pump the ball up and that was with my one year old hanging on me so he could mess with the ball.
    If something happens and this product fails in some way, I will immediately update this review so that anyone who’s concerned can know. So if you don’t see an update, the TKO’s going strong.

    0

    Help other customers find the most helpful reviews

    Was this review helpful to you? Yes
    No

    View Comment
    • S Steel
    • June 4, 2014
    Reply
    156 of 160 people found the following review helpful
    5.0 out of 5 stars
    Not too large for a 5’4″ person, February 19, 2009
    By
    S Steel (IL, USA) –

    Verified Purchase(What’s this?)
    This review is from: TKO Anti-Burst Fitness Ball with Pump and Instruction Chart (Sports)
    I got this ball to use as a chair to bounce my baby while I am holding him and at the computer desk. I think it is excellent and has helped with better posture without any thought. I also end up doing some excerises on it, just because it is there. It does not have the ultra shiny surface as is noted in the picture. Also, it is a pretty standard size I believe and is not too tall for me. I can sit comfortably, with my knees at 90 degrees and I am 5’4″. As for the reviewers that are not impressed with the pump: well, I don’t care. I don’t plan on deflating and inflating this thing again and again.

    0

    Help other customers find the most helpful reviews

    Was this review helpful to you? Yes
    No

    View Comment

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: