5 things you need to know about vaccines

5 things you need to know about vaccines

(BPT) – No one wakes up in the morning hoping to be sick. Yet despite the angst people have about becoming ill, many forgo one of the easiest, most effective ways to protect themselves and their loved ones from common and even severe illnesses -- they choose not to get vaccinated.

There are many reasons people choose not to get vaccinated. Often, the decision is caused by incorrect information one may read or hear about vaccinations. Mayo Clinic seeks to eliminate these mistruths and offer correct information about vaccinations so people can make safe, healthy choices for themselves and their families.

1. Are vaccines safe?

Safety concerns are the most common question people have regarding vaccines, and it’s also the question where there is the most misinformation. The truth is vaccines are safe and people who receive them enjoy numerous health benefits, including illness prevention. Each vaccine undergoes rigorous testing before being released to the general public to ensure it not only protects against the disease it’s designed to combat, but that it offers no other ill health benefits. Risks associated with vaccines are minor and may include a fever, soreness or skin irritation.

2. Which vaccinations are recommended?

Mayo Clinic, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and many other health care providers recommend people receive the following vaccinations:

* Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis

* Haemophilus Influenza B

* Hepatitis A & B

* Human Papilloma Virus

* Influenza

* Meningococcal

* MMR

* Pneumococcal

* Polio

* Rotavirus

* Varicella, otherwise known as Chickenpox

3. Should vaccinations be spaced out?

The vaccinations above may seem like a large list and it’s natural to wonder if all of these vaccinations should be done at once or spaced out. Sources of misinformation may lead people to believe that tackling several vaccinations at once somehow dilutes them, but there is no evidence of this. In fact, research shows people, even children, are able to take several vaccines at once without any negative effects. Spacing out the vaccines creates unnecessary delays and additional scheduling,Health & Fitness while opening a longer window of exposure to illnesses.

4. Understand the difference between vaccination and immunization.

A vaccination is a treatment that introduces weakened or dead bacteria and/or viruses into a person's body to build up their immunity against the disease. Immunization is the process of developing that immunity. Immunization may happen through vaccination, but it could also come from contracting the bacteria or virus and recovering from the disease.

5. Vaccinations are important for everyone.

For people wondering who should get vaccinated, the short answer is nearly everyone. In particular, vaccinations are especially important for younger people. This is because children, especially young babies, are not inherently equipped to fight many diseases and without vaccinations, otherwise small problems could become serious complications and even be fatal.

Vaccinations remain an often discussed topic and it can be difficult to determine what is fact and what is misinformation. For those with questions, the first step should be to discuss vaccinations with your doctor, who will be able to provide you with the information you need. For more information about vaccinations, visit mayoclinic.org.


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Written and created by Mitchell Moffit (twitter @mitchellmoffit) and Gregory Brown (twitter @whalewatchmeplz).

Further Reading–

General overall articles:
http://mentalfloss.com/article/30741/does-being-cold-make-you-more-susceptible-getting-cold
http://io9.com/does-being-cold-make-you-more-susceptible-to-catching-c-510314172

Vitamin D:
http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/91/5/1255.short
http://www.nature.com/ni/journal/v11/n4/full/ni.1851.html

Cortisol:
http://www.journalofanimalscience.org/content/35/3/576.full.pdf
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20631013

Virus flu more infectious:
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/03/080330203401.htm

Feet Chilling Study:
http://fampra.oxfordjournals.org/content/22/6/608.full

Does Being Cold Make You Sick? Does Being Cold Make You Sick?

14 Responses to “5 things you need to know about vaccines”

  1. The Emerald king SeanT.E.M Reply

    That's wrong!!! You only get sick in the cold if you're not used to the cold

    View Comment
  2. Kaitlyn Cochran Reply

    I've learned from this video that I'm going to schools!

    View Comment
  3. Cynthia Barcomi Reply

    Almost all comment: LOOKIT THAT SHIELD THING FROM ZELDA!!!
    Me: dafuaq is dat
    I legit don't know anything about Zelda…

    View Comment
  4. RANDOM SAVAGE 325 Reply

    im going to go put my feet in freezing water now……..

    View Comment
  5. Joe Andrews Reply

    I worked this out when I was ten knowing that bacteria doesn't like cold lol.
    That's why going inside n outside is bad lol

    View Comment
  6. Joe Andrews Reply

    WINTER IS COMMING.

    View Comment
  7. Muckell Manky Reply

    Boring video.

    View Comment
  8. Jazzmine Burch Reply

    Omg I love these drawings so much

    View Comment
  9. Xenon Flash92 Reply

    Why do our noses get runny when we go outside in the cold(this happens to me) P.S. I'm a HUGE fan

    View Comment
  10. UnicornGeek Scotty Reply

    What if you're Canadian?

    View Comment
  11. Christian Gingras Reply

    I am from Quebec, Canada so "je sais les hivers" as was singing Celine Dion (translation: "I know winter"). Note that Inuit know winter even better, but there is little virus or bacterias surviving in such extremme part of the planet

    You miss the first reason why being exposed to cold (going outside dressed like summer, neglecting the sweater or winter coat) makes you more likely to fall sick with flu.

    The body start the shivering process to produce extra eat. This automatic system is trading energy from food to get extra heat. Your body is using that energy pretty much like it would when running a marathon. The difference being which muscles are using the energy.

    When you are back at school or other virus spreading location, your body is weaker from wasting so much energy shivering. The immune system is busy to destroy the toxine from excess muscle exertion and has less soldier available to fight the incoming virus and bacterias.

    The race is in favor of the invaders, they multiply faster than they are eliminated. You not only sneeze from sinus infection but also have fever and feel weak from general infection all over inside the body. The shock is much worst than a normal flu virus would be.

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  12. KawaiiCupcakes Reply

    I just got a common cold, I hate being sick because I can't go to work, weakness, not hungry, runny nose, and other stuff. I wish doctors will do a cure for flu and common cold in the future.

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  13. RYZᗴᖇYT Reply

    I live in extreme cold conditions our summer 10Degrees Winter -7 Degrees and we have built a big resistance to cold weather but due to that I can't stand 25Degrees + so winter is my fav time of year because it doesn't bother me -6 last month and I was very cold but Americans would be a lot worse because their used to hot weather unlike us

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  14. Ashley hermit crab lps Reply

    I subbed cuz I like science

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